Economist for Estimating Waste Quantities and Prices


Organization: American University of Armenia (AUA)

Unit: AUA Acopian Center for the Environment

Project name: Mobilizing the Private-Sector to Advance Responsible Consumption and Production in Armenia: Inception phase. 

Assignment title: Estimating the quantities and prices for selected waste types generated in Armenia

Start date: Dec. 6, 2021

End date: Jan 30, 2022

Contract type:  Service contract

Job Location: Yerevan, Armenia


Project background

Mobilizing the Private-Sector to Advance Responsible Consumption and Production in Armenia: Inception Phase Project (hereinafter Project) is implemented by the American University of Armenia with funding from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). The overall objective of the Project is to understand Armenia’s waste market systems and directions in which these market systems can be supported and activated. The project will particularly focus on improving these market systems while reducing poverty, assessed multidimensionally. This Project will examine the market systems for waste management in 6 sub-systems (municipal, agricultural, WEEE and portable batteries, automotive, construction/demolition, industrial (non-mining) in Armenia and identify feasible interventions to improve the current functions and rules of the subsystems. The objectives of improving the market systems shall include increased amount of waste diverted from landfills, increased value from recovered waste, reduced negative impact from hazardous wastes among others. Based on the inception phase results, a proposal for a multi-year program to effectuate change will be developed. 


Scope of work under this ToR

Under the overall guidance of the Principal Investigator, the Economist will:

  • Propose and discuss approaches to estimate the quantities of selected waste types generated in Armenia. The selected waste types are:  
  • Biodegradable waste (from gardens and parks)
  • Waste from food markets (biodegradable)
  • Cooking oils from the commercial uses (restaurants, hotels, etc)
  • Crop waste, green mass from fields and greenhouses
  • All types of containers and packaging with special categories of packaging listed separately (pesticide, fertilizer, animal medicaments, etc.)*. Ideally such data should be in mass (tons) per packaging material
  • Slaughter waste
  • Food and spirit processing waste (oil cake)
  • Car Bodies (metal carcass)
  • Print and publishing waste (vinyl and paper scraps/cutting)
  • Cost information for the collection and transportation of waste, any potential packaging sorting cost data, cost of disposal of waste in landfills, cost of energy recovery from waste (potentially co-combustion in cement plants)


*The data for packaging is a priority, and must be collected first, the target been to have such information within 10 days from the start date of the contract. 

  • Align the quantities estimated with the ones already available to the Project Team. The Team, for instance, has estimates of food waste from MSW sources. The Consultant will consider these amounts in the total of biodegradable waste available for biogas, composting, etc. See Annex 1 for data available to Project Team. 
  • Identify or propose a methodology to estimate the prices for selected waste types in Armenia, if those waste types are traded in Armenia’s market (including imported or exported).
  • Estimate of geographic distribution of where the selected waste types are generated and stored. Particularly, identify the major locations where these types are generated and stored.  Localization (locations where the waste generation has the highest concentrations)


Expected deliverables

The expert is expected to deliver the following deliverables:

  1. Deliverable #1 (25% of the total contract amount)

–     Methodology to estimate the amount of waste generation in various streams including 10-year time series, ending with the latest year available.

  1. Deliverable #2 (75% of the total contract amount)

–     Excel spreadsheets that include 10-year historical data on quantities with adequate citation of sources of data and estimates.

–     Excel spreadsheets of prices for selected waste types, if possible with trends.

–     Tables, charts, and figures presenting the findings. These tables, charts, and figures to be used in the final reports and proposals.  


Potential data sources

ArmStat and RA SRC Customs Service will be the primary data sources for manufacturing, import and consumption data. EEC code classificators will be matched to EU waste stream classificators (the estimation model will be based on EU waste stream classification). Existing academic research will need to be reviewed to identify or develop the estimation model for Armenia (to find out whether or not there are ratios in comparable economies that could estimate what is the waste proportion in a given manufacturing area, e.g., what percentage of manufactured plastic packaging comprises manufacturing waste).

Through analyzing publicly available data on Armenia, the expert will eventually develop a model to estimate the amounts of waste generated in selected streams in the country (e.g., through analyzing available data on imported electronic equipment and combining it with benchmark data on useful life of such equipment, a model will be developed to estimate the amount of waste at a given point of time in this particular waste stream).

How to apply:  A letter of intent, Curriculum Vitae with the names and contact information for three referees should be sent to [email protected] with the subject heading “Economist for Estimating Waste Quantities and Prices” until December 2, 2021. Only shortlisted applicants will be notified for interview.

AUA is an equal opportunity employer and is committed to an active non-discrimination program within the institution.